The most diverse place in the whole world has always respected every other culture and has been the center for localization. Just like food, clothes and many others, language has the tendency of changing into other dialects every 100-300 km. distance.

In this article let us observe this change and get introduced to the 22 scheduled languages and their dialects that would come up to 144 dialects which are in themselves languages.

The languages are sorted in alphabetical order because for a Pakka Patriot every other language of this nation is equally dear.

There is also a mention of where the languages are spoken along with the no. of speakers and Origin, Script, Other names.

The below table is consolidated with the above mentioned information.

No.LanguagesSpoken in/bySpeakersOriginScriptA.K.A
1AssameseAssam15311351Magadhi PrakritAhomAsamiya
AssameseAssam14816414PrakritAhomAsamiya
OthersNA494937NANANA
2BengaliEastern Part97237669Sanskrit and Magadhi PrakritBengaliBangla
BengaliEastern Part96177835PrakritBengaliBangla
ChakmaChittagong Hill Tracts, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura228281PrakritChakmaNA
HajongMeghalaya, Assam, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and West Bengal in India Mymensingh, Sherpur and Sunamganj in Bangladesh71792PrakritBengaliNA
RajbangsiBengal, Assam475861PrakritBengaliKamtapuri
OthersNA283900PrakritNANA
3BodoNortheast, Bengal1482929SanskritDevanagariBoro
BodoNortheast, Bengal1454547SanskritDevanagariBoro
KachariAssam15984SanskritDevanagariNA
MechBoro People11546SanskritDevanagariBodo
OthersNA852NANANA
4DogriJammu Region2596767SanskritDevanagariGurmukhi
DogriJammu Region2596763SanskritDevanagariGurmukhi
OthersNA4NANANA
5GujaratiGujarat55492554SanskritGujaratiNA
GujaratiGujarat55036204SanskritGujaratiNA
GujraoGujarat15431SanskritGujaratiNA
PattaniHP16510SanskritGujaratiManchati
PonchiPothohar Plateau13812SanskritGujaratiPahari Pothwari
SaurashtriSaurashtrians247702Saurasena PrakritSaurashtra ScriptNA
OthersNA162895NANANA
6HindiNorthern, Eastern, Western and Central India528347193Vedic SanskritDevanagariHindui and Hindavi
AwadhiDelhi, MP, UP, Bihar3850906Vedic SanskritDevanagariNA
BaghatiHP15835Vedic SanskritDevanagariMahasui
BagheliBagelkhand2679129Vedic SanskritDevanagariBaghelkhandi
Bagri RajasthaniHaryana, Rajasthan, Punjab234227Vedic SanskritDevanagariNA
BanjariBanjara People1581271Vedic SanskritDevanagariLambadi
BhadrawahiBhaderwah98806Vedic SanskritDevanagariBhaderwahi
BhagoriaDadra, Haveli, Diu and Daman, MP, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra20924Vedic SanskritDevanagariBhili
BharmauriHP181069Vedic SanskritDevanagariMandeali
BhojpuriPurvanchal-Bhojpur50579447Vedic SanskritDevanagariNA
BishnoiHP12079Vedic SanskritDevanagariVishnoi
BrajbhashaBrajbhoomi1556314Vedic SanskritDevanagariBraji
BundeliBundelkhand5626356Vedic SanskritDevanagariBundelkhandii
ChambealiHP125746Vedic SanskritDevanagariHimachali
ChhattisgarhiChhattisgarh16245190Vedic SanskritDevanagariNA
ChurahiBhadarwahi75552Vedic SanskritDevanagariBhadarwagi
DhundhariDhundhar in Rajasthan1476446Vedic SanskritDevanagariJaipuri
GarhwaliGarhwal in Uttarakhand2482089Vedic SanskritDevanagariNA
GawariJharkhand, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Odisha19062Vedic SanskritDevanagariSadri
GojriGurjari1227901Vedic SanskritDevanagariGujri
HanduriWestern Pahari Language47803Vedic SanskritDevanagariHinduri
Hara/HarautiHadoti Region2944356Vedic SanskritDevanagariHadoti
HaryanviHaryana9806519Vedic SanskritDevanagariNA
HindiHindi Belt322230097Vedic SanskritDevanagariHindavi
JaunpuriGarhwal Region136779Vedic SanskritDevanagariNA
KangriHP1117342Vedic SanskritDevanagariNA
Khari BoliAround Delhi50195Vedic SanskritDevanagariKauravi
KhorthaNorth Chotanagpur and Santhal Pargana8038735Vedic SanskritDevanagariKhotta
KulviPeru196295Vedic SanskritDevanagariCulli
KumauniKumaon Region2081057Vedic SanskritDevanagariNA
Kurmali TharJharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal311175Vedic SanskritDevanagariMahanta
LamaniBanjara People3276548Vedic SanskritDevanagariLambadi
LariaMP, Jharkhand, Odisha, Maharashtra89876Vedic SanskritDevanagariChhattishgarhi
LodhiOdisha, West Bengal, Jharkhand139180Vedic SanskritDevanagariMunda
MagadhiBihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal12706825Vedic SanskritDevanagariNA
MalviMP5212617Vedic SanskritDevanagariManthani
MandealiMandi District, HP622590Vedic SanskritDevanagariNA
MarwariRajasthan7831749Vedic SanskritDevanagariMarvadi
MewariMewar4212262Vedic SanskritDevanagariNA
MewatiMewat856643Vedic SanskritDevanagariNA
NagpuriaJharkhand, Bihar, Chhattisgarh and Odisha763014Vedic SanskritDevanagariSadri
NimadiNimar Region2309265Vedic SanskritDevanagariNA
PadariPadar Valley, J & K17279Vedic SanskritDevanagariNA
PahariUttarakhand and HP3253889Vedic SanskritDevanagariPahadi
PalmuhaMP23579Vedic SanskritDevanagariNA
Panch ParganiaAssam, Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal244914Vedic SanskritDevanagariKurmali
PandwaniChhattisgarh15595Vedic SanskritDevanagariNA
PangwaliHP18668Vedic SanskritDevanagariMandeali
PawariBagelkhand325772Vedic SanskritDevanagariBaghelkhandi
PuranBengal12375Vedic SanskritDevanagariOld Dhakaiya
RajasthaniRajasthan25806344Vedic SanskritDevanagariNA
Sadan/SadriJharkhand, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Odisha4345677Vedic SanskritDevanagariNagpuri
SirmauriHP107401Vedic SanskritDevanagariNA
SondwariRajashthan, MP229788Vedic SanskritDevanagariMalvi
SugaliMarwar170987Vedic SanskritDevanagariGor
SurgujiaChhattisgarh1738256Vedic SanskritDevanagariNA
SurjapuriNorth Bengal, West Bengal, and Eastern Bihar2256228Vedic SanskritDevanagariNA
OthersNA16711170Vedic SanskritDevanagariNA
7KannadaKarnataka43706512SanskritKannadaKanarese
BadagaNilgiris133550SanskritTamil, KannadaNA
KannadaKarnataka43506272SanskritKannadaKanarese
Kuruba/KurumbaPudukkottai, Teni, Dindigul, Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri, Vellore, and Salem24189SanskritTamil, KannadaNA
Prakritha/Prakritha BhashaNA12257SanskritNANA
OthersNA30244SanskritNANA
8KashmiriKashmir6797587SanskritDevanagariKoshur
DardiKashmir25600SanskritDevanagariPisaca
KashmiriKashmir6554369SanskritDevanagariKoshur
KishtwariKishtwar Language39748SanskritDevanagariNA
SirajiNA124896NANANA
OthersNA52974NANANA
9KonkaniGoa, Karnataka, Maharashtra2256502PrakritDevanagariNA
GorboliNA50259NANANA
KonkaniGoa, Karnataka, Maharashtra2146906PrakritDevanagariNA
KudubiNA17209NANANA
MalwaniMalvan, Sindhudurg, Maharashtra, Goa23617PrakritDevanagariNA
NawaitNA13123NANANA
OthersNA5388NANANA
10MaithiliBihar and Jharkhand13583464SanskritDevanagariNA
MaithiliBihar, Jharkhand, Bengal13353347Magadhi PrakritDevanagariMagadhi
Purbi MaithiliBihar, Jharkhand, Bengal11116Magadhi PrakritDevanagariMagadhi
TharuJharkhand53575Magadhi PrakritDevanagariKhotta
ThatiNA165420NANANA
OthersNA6NANANA
11MalayalamKerala34838819Bramhi ScriptMalayalamNA
MalayalamKerala34776533Bramhi ScriptMalayalamNA
PaniyaKerala22808Brahmi ScriptMalayalamNA
YeravaKodagu, Wayanad26563Brahmi ScriptMalayalamAdiyan
OthersNA12915NANANA
12ManipuriManipur, Northeast1761079SanskritMeeteiMeitei
ManipuriManipur, Northeast1760913SanskritMeeteiMeitei
OthersNA166NANANA
13MarathiMaharashtra, Goa83026680Early forms of PrakritMarathiNA
Are53879
KoliGujarat13809PrakritGujaratiNA
MarathiMaharashtra, Goa82801140Early forms of PrakritMarathiNA
OthersNA157852NANANA
14NepaliNorth and Eastern States29,26,168SanskritDevanagariKhaskura
NepaliNorth and Eastern States29,25,796SanskritDevanagariKhaskura
OthersNA372NANANA
15OdiaOdisha3,75,21,324 22PrakritKalingaNA
BhatriChhattisgarh334258PrakritKalingaNA
BhuiyaOdisha32126PrakritKalingaOdia
BhumijaliNA34651NANANA
DesiyaOdisha227313PrakritKalingaOdia
OdiaOdisha34059266PrakritKalingaOdia
ProjaNA156354NANANA
ReliReli People12969PrakritOdiyaNA
SambalpuriWestern Odisha2630381PrakritOdiyaKosali
OthersNA34006NANANA
16PunjabiPunjab33124726SanskritGurmukhiNA
BagriBagar tract region of Northwestern India1656588SanskritDevanagariNA
BhatealiChhattisgarh23970Vedic SanskritDevanagariLoriya
BilaspuriBilaspur295805Vedic SanskritDevanagariKahluri
PunjabiPunjab31144095SanskritGurmukhiNA
OthersNA4268NANANA
17SanskritMost parts of the country24821PrakritDevanagariSamskritam
SanskritMost parts of the country24709PrakritDevanagariSamskritam
OthersNA112PrakritDevanagariNA
18SantaliAssam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Mizoram, Odisha, Tripura and West Bengal7368192SanskritOl ChikiNA
KarmaliAssam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Mizoram, Odisha, Tripura and West Bengal.358579SanskritOl ChikiSantali
MahiliNA26399NANANA
SantaliAssam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Mizoram, Odisha, Tripura and West Bengal6973345SanskritOl ChikiNA
OthersNA9869NANANA
19SindhiSindhi People2772264SanskritDevanagariNA
BhatiaPunjab, Rajasthan, Sindh and Gujarat22409SanskritDevanagariNA
KachchhiKutch1030602SanskritDevanagariKachin
SindhiSindhi People1679246SanskritDevanagariNA
OthersNA40007NANANA
20TamilTamil Nadu69026881Brahmi ScriptTamilNA
IrulaNilgiri Mountains11870Brahmi ScriptTamilNA
KaikadiMaharashtra, MP25870Brahmi ScriptNANA
Korava10421
TamilTamil Nadu68888839Brahmi ScriptTamilNA
YerukalaYerukala Tribe58065NANANA
OthersNA31816NANANA
21TeluguAndhra Pradesh, Telangana81127740Brahmi ScriptTeluguNA
TeluguAndhra Pradesh, Telangana80912459Brahmi ScriptTeluguNA
VadariAP, Karnataka, Maharashtra198020Brahmi ScriptTeluguWaddar
OthersNA17261NANANA
22UrduTelangana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal50772631Shauraseni languageUrduLashkari
BhansariNA22806NANANA
UrduTelangana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal50725762Shauraseni languageUrduLashkari
OthersNA24063NANANA

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