Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was born in 28 May 1883.
Bhagur, near the city of Nashik
Damodar and Radhabai Savarkar.
When he led fellow students against a rampaging horde of Muslims that attacked his village, he earned the nickname ‘Veer’.
In his teenage, his eldest sibling Ganesh, known as Babarao influenced him. This is when he formed a youth group called Mitra Mela. He used this group to encourage revolutionary and nationalist views of passion. Later in his life he was inspired by the new generation of rising political leaders namely Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai. Nationalist activist Shyamji Krishna Varma helped Vinayak to go to England to study law, on a scholarship. “Army of the Angry” was formed there, then.
Savarkar, once, was arrested in Paris, and put behind bars in England. He wrote a letter to his friend to keep note of the ship, when he came to know that he will be shipped to India. This is when, he jumped from cell in the hope that his friend would be there to receive him in a car. He swam in the cold water ocean only to find that his friend is late. He was rearrested in Paris. Following the arrest he was transported from Bombay to the then infamous Cellular Jail.
Views on Mahatma Gandhi:
When Mahatma Gandhi supported us of violence by the British against Germany during World War II, Savarkar criticized Gandhi as being a hypocrite.
Views on Dr. Ambedkar:
Savarkar respected Dr. Ambedkar. In a message to Dr. Ambedkar’s Golden Jubilee Committee on 15 January 1942, he wrote,
“His personality, erudition and capacity to lead and organise-would have by themselves marked him out as an outstanding asset to our nation. But in addition to that the in-estimable services he has rendered to our motherland in trying to stamp out untouchability and the result he has achieved in instilling a manly spirit of self-confidence in millions of the depressed classes, constitute an abiding, patriotic as well as humanitarian achievement. The very fact of the birth of such a towering personality among the so called untouchable castes could not but liberate their souls from self-depression and animate them to challenge the snper-arrogative claims of the so-called touchables”
- Pad-pada-shah, a book documenting the Maratha empire.
- My Transportation for Life – an account of his early revolutionary days, arrest, trial and incarceration.
- Majhi Janmathep (“My Life-term”) about his experience in Andaman prison.
On 1 February 1966, Savarkar renounced medicines, food and water which he termed as atmaarpan (fast until death). Before his death he had written an article titled “Atmahatya Nahi Atmaarpan” in which he argued that when one’s life mission is over and ability to serve the society is left no more, it is better to end the life at will rather than waiting for death. By his biography, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar lived and died a PakkaPatriot.